We all know that our country was liberated on August 15, 1947, and all of us Indians are very proud of this freedom. Like every year, we will hoist the flag on August 15 this year and will come home singing 2-4 patriotic songs. Our freedom is due to the freedom fighters of India who sacrificed their lives to liberate our country. We cannot give anything to these great personalities in return, but at least we can remember them on this day of independence, we can know about them.
In the Indian freedom struggle, the names of such heroes are written in golden letters, which started the fight against the British on their own. There were also brave warriors in our country, who abandoned everything in their youth and plunged into the freedom struggle of the country. Today our India is free from the British, but corruption, unemployment, dishonesty has made it a hostage. For this, we have to bring a revolution for independence, and once again the youth power of our country will have to be awakened. Today we will learn about our freedom fighters of India and how they had awakened the public awareness and revolution for the independence of the country.
Freedom Fighters of India List
1. Rani Lakshmi Bai
In the north of the country of India, there is a place named Jhansi, here was Rani Laxmi Bai. He was born in a Maharashtrian family. At that time the Governor of India was Dalhousie, he took the rule that in any state where there is no king, the British will have the right. At that time Rani Lakshmi Bai was widowed, she had 1 adopted son Damodar. He refused to kneel in front of the British and waged a war against them to save his Jhansi. In March 1858, she fought for two consecutive weeks with the British, which she lost. After this she went to Gwalior where she once again fought with the British. Rani Laxmi Bai had a special contribution in the battle of 1857. His name is taken with great respect in India’s freedom fighter.
|Birth Place||Kasha (Varanasi)|
|Husband Name||Raja Gangadhar Rao|
|Death||18 June 1858|
2. Lal Bahadur Shastri
The second Prime Minister of Azad India was Lal Bahadur Shastri. Shastri Ji took part in the Quit India Movement, Satyagraha Movement, and Non-Cooperation Movement for the independence of the country. He was India’s freedom fighter of the country. At the time of independence, he also spent 9 years in jail. After independence, he became the home minister and then in 1964 the second Prime Minister. In 1965, he took the front in the battle of Indo-Pakistan. He gave the slogan of “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan”. When he was on a foreign tour in 1966, he died of a sudden heart attack.
|Born||2 October 1904|
|Birth Place||Uttar Pradesh|
3. Jawaharlal Nehru
Today, everyone knows Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. He was the freedom fighter of India. His father Moti Lal Nehru was a barrister and leader. In 1912, after completing his studies from abroad, Nehru started working as a barrister in India. After getting in touch with Mahatma Gandhi, he plunged into the freedom struggle and became the President of the Indian Congress. After independence, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of the country. In the freedom struggle, he stood with Mahatma Gandhi and stood against the British. He had a special love for children, so even today, we celebrate his birthday as Children’s Day. He died in Delhi.
|Born||14 November 1889|
4. Bal Gangadhar Tilak
“Swaraj is our birth right and we will continue to take it.” For the first time, this slogan was uttered by Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was called the “father of Indian unrest”. He founded the Deccan Education Society, where Indian culture was taught, as well as he was associated with indigenous work. Bal Gangadhar Tilak used to roam all over India and inspire people to join the fight for freedom. About 20 thousand people had joined Mahatma Gandhi in his last visit.
|Born||23 July 1856|
|Birth Place||Ratnagiri (Maharashtra)|
|Death||1 August 1920|
5. Lala Lajpat Rai
Lala Lajpat Rai was famous by the name of Punjab Kesari. Lala Lajpat Rai of the Indian National Congress was a very famous leader and freedom fighter of India. Lala Lajpat Rai was included in the trio of Lal Bal Pal. These three were the main and famous leaders of the Congress. In 1914, he went to Britain to explain the situation of India, but due to the world war, he could not return from there. When he came to India in 1920, the Jallianwala massacre took place, Against this, he launched a movement against the British. During a movement, he was severely injured by the lathi charge of the British, after which he died.
|Born||26 January 1865|
|Death||17 November 1928|
6. Chandra Shekhar Azad
His introduction was as follows, Chandra Shekhar Azad used to motivate the youth to come forward in the freedom struggle, he had created an army of young revolutionaries. He thought that violence was necessary for the freedom struggle, so he used to work separately from Mahatma Gandhi. Chandrasekhar Azad’s fear was very much in English. He had planned to rob the Kakori train and looted it. Someone gave their news to the British so that the British followed them to catch them. Chandrasekhar Azad did not want to die at the hands of any British, so he shot himself and became a martyr.
|Born||23 July 1906|
|Birth Place||Madhya Pradesh|
|Death||23 February 1931|
7. Subhash Chandra Bose
Subhash Chandra Bose is called Netaji, he was born on 23 January 1897 in Orissa. In 1919 he went abroad for studies, then he came to know about the Jallianwala massacre there, due to which he was surprised and returned to India in 1921. After coming to India, he joined the Indian Congress and participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement. Non-violent Gandhiji’s words seemed wrong to him, after which he went to Germany to seek help from Hitler. Where he organized the Indian National Army (INA). During the Second World War, Japan, which was helping the INA, surrendered, after which Netaji escaped from there. But it is said that on 17 August 1945, his plane crashed, causing his death. The facts related to his death remain a mystery even today.
|Born||23 January 1897|
|Death||17 August 1945|
8. Mangal Pandey
Mangal Pandey’s name comes first among the freedom fighters in the history of India. From the time of the battle of 1857, he waged the freedom struggle and asked everyone to join it. Mangal Pandey was a soldier in the East India Company. In 1847, news spread that the cartridge made by the East India Company used cow fat, the cartridge had to be pulled from the mouth to operate it. Due to which the fat of the cow was in the mouth, which was against both Hindu and Muslim religions. He tried to explain his company a lot, but nothing happened. He died on 8 April 1857.
|Born||19 July 1827|
|Birth Place||Uttar Pradesh|
|Death||8 April 1857|
9. Bhimrao Ambedkar
Born in a Dalit family, Bhimrao Ambedkar did a lot of work to end the caste system from India. Due to being of low caste, no one considered their intelligence. But he again adopted the Buddha caste and asked other lower caste people to do the same, Bhimrao Ambedkar always explained to everyone that caste religion is not greater than humanity. We should deal with everyone. With his wisdom, he became the chairman of the India Constitution Committee. The constitution of democratic India was written by Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar.
|Born||14 April 1891|
|Birth Place||Madhya Pradesh|
|Death||6 December 1956|
10. Bhagat Singh
Young leader Bhagat was born on 27 September 1907 in Punjab. Both his father and uncle were involved in the freedom struggle, due to which he had a passion for the country since childhood and he wanted to do something for his country since childhood. In 1921, he gave his share in the Non-Cooperation Movement, but due to his violent temper, Bhagat left this to form the Youth Bharat Sabha. Which used to inspire the youth of Punjab to participate in freedom. Together with Chandrashekhar Azad, he did many things for independence. In 1929, he threw a bomb in Parliament to catch himself, after which he was hanged on 23 March 1931 along with Rajguru and Sukhdev.
|Born||27 September 1907|
|Death||23 March 1931|
Some Other Freedom Fighters of India list
|Mahatma Gandhi||Sarojini Naidu||Birsa Munde|
|Ashfaqulla Khan||Bahadur Shah Zafar||Dr. Rajendra Prasad|
|Ram Prasad Bismil||Sukhdev Thapar||Shivaram Rajguru|
|Khudiram Bose||Durgavati Devi||Nana Saheb|
|Tantia Tope||Vipin Chandra Pal||Chittaranjan das|
|Raja Rammohan Das||Dadabhai Naoroji||Rabindranath Tagore|
We can learn a lot from their lives and take it out in our lives. Even today, India needs such revolutionaries, who liberate the country from corruption, poverty.